SHOPPING AND SUSTAINABILITY TOURISM (SDG)
The idea of sustainability arose in a report called Brundtland or “Our Common Future”, made for the UNO in 1997, which officially talked about it, its importance and the need to regulate the impact of the human being on the environment. The idea requires an ample approach in which all activities that merit reaching a goal have to be studied in detail, this is how technology, sociology and ecology have to intervene in the development of projects in all areas of human life.
In 2015, the UNO developed the program called “Contribution to the promotion and adaption of the 17 Goals of Sustainable Development of the Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development”, which are perfectly compatible with Shopping Tourism.
The importance of shopping in tourist activity is undeniable, both as the main shopping or as a complementary activity. In this way, the generation of jobs in hand-made manufacturing, the trade of these products without the need for intermediaries or the offer of leisure activities would benefit the inhabitants of the tourist destination.
Additionally, the sense of social wellbeing will also have to boost gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls. The commodification of human life for sexual activities has to be controlled by the countries, given that many women and girls are considered slaves and are exploited in several territories that serve as tourist destinations.
Regardless of a displacement having shopping as the primordial goal, visits to protected natural sites or the enjoyment of installations located in these spaces lead to it being talked about as shopping tourism and sustainable tourism. The capacity of reception of these places has to be redefined and visits controlled to avoid deforestation, contamination or other damages that would take a lot of time to regenerate. The illegal traffic of cultural goods such as antiquities or the shopping of protected animals are also activities contrary to the sustainability Shopping Tourism should generate. In this sense, due to its practical impact sustainability in the field of this type of tourism should not be taken lightly.
It’s the responsibility of the governments, private institutions and of course us in our role as visitors or receptors, taking responsibility over what we’re doing to reduce our impact on the planet. The planning and promotion of Shopping Tourism shouldn’t only be based on the economic profitability, taking into account the social needs, the preservation of natural and cultural integrity and the possibility of projecting this real sustainability towards the future, that’s the challenge of the big economic activities of the planet.